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Bilingual lexical development: a Persian-Swedish word association study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Scandinavian Languages.
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 14, no 3, 363-388 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous association studies show that the first language (L1) mental lexicon is organized mainly on a semantic basis, while the organization of the second language (L2) mental lexi­con in the early stages of development is phonologically based, indicating a less profound lexical knowledge. This study examines whether or not this is the case. The subjects are 100 Persian-Swedish bilinguals with 100 native speakers of Swedish and Persian as comparison groups. The elicitation instrument is the Kent-Rosanoff association list (1910) and the sub­jects’ task is to give a single-word response to each stimulus word.

The results show that phonologically-based associations occur in both the L1 and the L2 as a function of the degree of word knowledge. Phonologically-based organization is not a char­acteristic of the stage of language proficiency, but is a primary acquisition feature of every individual word, and is not abandoned even during the advanced stages of language profi­ciency, whether in the L1 or the L2. The mode of organization of the words at different stages of development may differ. Words that are barely known may elicit phonologically-based associations. Those that are partially known may have a strong syntactic organization, and well-known words are connected to other words mainly on a semantic basis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell , 2004. Vol. 14, no 3, 363-388 p.
Keyword [en]
Bilingualism, The bilingual mental lexicon
National Category
Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-145103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-145103DiVA: diva2:395321
Available from: 2011-02-05 Created: 2011-02-05 Last updated: 2011-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Namei, Shidrokh
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