Bilingual lexical development: a Persian-Swedish word association study
2004 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 14, no 3, 363-388 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous association studies show that the first language (L1) mental lexicon is organized mainly on a semantic basis, while the organization of the second language (L2) mental lexicon in the early stages of development is phonologically based, indicating a less profound lexical knowledge. This study examines whether or not this is the case. The subjects are 100 Persian-Swedish bilinguals with 100 native speakers of Swedish and Persian as comparison groups. The elicitation instrument is the Kent-Rosanoff association list (1910) and the subjects’ task is to give a single-word response to each stimulus word.
The results show that phonologically-based associations occur in both the L1 and the L2 as a function of the degree of word knowledge. Phonologically-based organization is not a characteristic of the stage of language proficiency, but is a primary acquisition feature of every individual word, and is not abandoned even during the advanced stages of language proficiency, whether in the L1 or the L2. The mode of organization of the words at different stages of development may differ. Words that are barely known may elicit phonologically-based associations. Those that are partially known may have a strong syntactic organization, and well-known words are connected to other words mainly on a semantic basis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell , 2004. Vol. 14, no 3, 363-388 p.
Bilingualism, The bilingual mental lexicon
Specific Languages General Language Studies and Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-145103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-145103DiVA: diva2:395321