Cementing strophomenide brachiopods from the Silurian of Gotland (Sweden): Morphology and Life habits
2007 (English)In: Geobios, ISSN 0016-6995, E-ISSN 1777-5728, Vol. 40, no 5, 589-608 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dorsal valves of the cementing strophomenide brachiopods Leptaenoidea silurica Hedström and Liljevallia gotlandica Hedström are described for the first time, and it is shown that both these species could also live ambitopically. The lower Wenlock Scamnomena rugata (Lindström) represents young individuals of the ambitopic variant of Leptaenoidea silurica, and is placed in synonymy, resulting in the valid name for the taxon being Leptaenoidea rugata. The range of this species now spans the whole Wenlock, from the upper Visby Formation to the Klinteberg Formation, and possibly even into the Ludlow. Ambitopic gerontic specimens of L. rugata develop very thick shells, in which the ventral valves have strong curvature, and become deeper not by geniculation but by successive mantle retractions and subsequent re-growth, in a way similar to that of atrypides. This shape was probably an adaptation to “floating” on softer substrates. The thickened gerontic dorsal valves have well-developed lophophoral support, showing the shape of the lophophore, which comprises two branches that curve inwards and then backwards; the lophophore was probably ptycholophous and similar to that in living members of the Thecideidina. Ambitopic specimens of Liljevallia could grow to a much larger size than cementing forms, where the dorsal valves have very large, posterior-facing cardinal process lobes and deeply impressed muscle fields and anterior scars. The presence of a ventral process and long, posteroventrally elongated cardinal process lobes, and the absence of dental plates reveals that Liljevallia was probably an early member of the Douvillinidae and is thus removed from the Leptaenoideidae.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 40, no 5, 589-608 p.
Functional morphology, Leptaenoidea, Liljevallia, Lophophore anatomy, Silurian, Sweden, Wenlock
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11889DOI: 10.1016/j.geobios.2006.08.003ISI: 000250483100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11889DiVA: diva2:39658