Interactions among infections, nutrients and xenobiotics
2007 (English)In: Critical reviews in food science and nutrition, ISSN 1040-8398, Vol. 47, no 5, 499-519 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
During recent years there have been several incidents in which symptoms of disease have been linked to consumption of food contaminated by chemical substances (e.g., 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, TCDD). Furthermore, outbreaks of infections in food-producing animals have attracted major attention regarding the safety of consumers, e.g., Bovine Spongiform Encephalitis (BSE) and influenza in chicken. As shown for several xenobiotics in an increasing number of experimental studies, even low-dose xenobiotic exposure may impair immune function over time, as well as microorganism virulence, resulting in more severe infectious diseases and associated complications. Moreover, during ongoing infection, xenobiotic uptake and distribution are often changed resulting in increased toxic insult to the host. The interactions among infectious agents, nutrients, and xenobiotics have thus become a developing concern and new avenue of research in food toxicology as well as in food-borne diseases. From a health perspective, in the risk assessment of xenobiotics in our food and environment, synergistic effects among microorganisms, nutrients, and xenobiotics will have to be considered. Otherwise, such effects may gradually change the disease panorama in society.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 47, no 5, 499-519 p.
Infection, nutrients, risk assessment, xenobiotics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11959DOI: 10.1080/10408390600919015ISI: 000247380800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11959DiVA: diva2:39728