Melanocortin receptor subtypes in interrenal cells and corticotropic activity of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormones in barfin flounder, Verasper moseri
2011 (English)In: General and Comparative Endocrinology, ISSN 0016-6480, E-ISSN 1095-6840, Vol. 170, no 3, 558-568 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to characterize the pituitary-interrenal axis in barfin flounder, a flatfish. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) have been shown to be indispensable substances in pituitary and interrenal cells for cortisol release, respectively. We previously identified ACTH in the pars distalis of the barfin flounder pituitary gland, and detected transcripts of Mc1r, Mc4r, and Mc5r in the head kidney wherein interrenal cells are located. We have now demonstrated the presence of MC2R, which is a specific receptor for ACTH, in interrenal cells by molecular cloning of Mc2r cDNA and in situ hybridization, and confirmation of the in vitro cortisol-releasing activity of ACTH. These results show the presence of a classical pituitary-interrenal axis in this fish. We also evaluated the role of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) and its related peptides. In situ hybridization was used to demonstrate the expression of Mc5r in interrenal cells; both desacetyl-α-MSH and diacetyl-α-MSH showed in vitro cortisol-releasing activities, while the activity of α-MSH was negligible. These findings indicate the presence of an additional pituitary-interrenal axis consisting of α-MSH-like peptides secreted from the neurointermediate lobe of the pituitary and MC5R in the interrenal cells. The cortisol-releasing activity of desacetyl-α-MSH and diacetyl-α-MSH, compared with the low activity of α-MSH, suggest a unique and specific functional role of these forms of MSH peptides. The interrenal co-expression of two subtypes of Mcrs may play a role in this specialization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 170, no 3, 558-568 p.
α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone, Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Barfin flounder, Cortisol, Interrenal cells, Melanocortin 2 receptor, Melanocortin 5 receptor, Pituitary-interrenal axis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146219DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2010.11.019ISI: 000286647300019PubMedID: 21118693OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-146219DiVA: diva2:397753