Hybrids and fruit set in a mixed flowering-time population of Gymnadenia conopsea (Orchidaceae)
2006 (English)In: Hereditas, ISSN 0018-0661, E-ISSN 1601-5223, Vol. 143, no 1, 222-228 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have recently found that the morphologically determined subspecies Gymnadenia conopsea ssp conopsea in Sweden includes early and late flowering individuals. We were interested in the interactions between the flowering time groups; if there were gene flow between them and if so this was detrimental or advantageous. A spatially mixed population of early and late flowering individuals was studied using three microsatellite loci. We measured patterns in genetic differentiation and inferred occurrence of hybridisation and introgression. Variation in flowering time, fertility and relative and absolute fruit set was measured. The pattern of introgression between flowering-time groups differed between loci. In two of the three investigated loci, allele separation was distinct between early and late flowering plants and one genetically obvious hybrid was infertile. In the third locus, several alleles were shared between the two flowering time variants. The degree of introgression was associated to fruit set failure, which was higher in the late flowering plants and lower in early flowering plants. A small group of early flowering individuals with somewhat delayed flowering compared to the main group was genetically distinct and had lower relative and absolute fruit set. This group was not genetically intermediate, but rather constituting an independent group, with lower fruit set possibly caused by absence of pollinators. There seem to be a strong barrier against introgression into the late flowering group which is kept genetically distinct and less diverse. The early flowering group is diverse, includes two subgroups and seems to benefit from gene flow.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 143, no 1, 222-228 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146501DOI: 10.1111/j.2006.0018-0661.01958.xISI: 000243474400031PubMedID: 17362358OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-146501DiVA: diva2:398261