Organic carbon budget for the Gulf of Bothnia
2006 (English)In: Journal of Marine Systems, ISSN 0924-7963, Vol. 63, no 3-4, 155-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We calculated input of organic carbon to the unproductive, brackish water basin of the Gulf of Bothnia from rivers, point sources and the atmosphere. We also calculated the net exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the adjacent marine system, the Baltic Proper. We compared the input with sinks for organic carbon; permanent incorporation in sediments and mineralization and subsequent evasion of CO2 to the atmosphere. The major fluxes were riverine input (1500 Gg C year(-1)), exchange with the Baltic Proper (depending on which of several possible DOC concentration differences between the basins that was used in the calculation, the flux varied between an outflow of 466 and an input of 950 Gg C year(-1)), sediment burial (1100 Gg C year) and evasion to the atmosphere (3610 Gg C year(-1)). The largest single net flux was the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere, mainly caused by bacterial mineralization of organic carbon. Input and output did not match in our budget which we ascribe uncertainties in the calculation of the exchange of organic carbon between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Baltic Proper, and the fact that CO2 emission, which in our calculation represented 1 year (2002) may have been overestimated in comparison with long-term means. We conclude that net heterotrophy of the Gulf of Bothnia was due to input of organic carbon from both the catchment and from the Baltic Proper and that the future degree of net heterotrophy will be sensible to both catchment export of organic carbon and to the ongoing eutrophication of the Baltic Proper.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 63, no 3-4, 155-161 p.
organic carbon, sediment, CO2 emission, river transport, advective flux
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146656DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2006.06.004ISI: 000243179700006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-146656DiVA: diva2:398690