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EGFR, HER2 and HER3 expression in primary colorectal carcinomas and corresponding metastases: Implications for targeted radionuclide therapy
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Biomedical Radiation Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Biomedical Radiation Sciences.
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2011 (English)In: Oncology Reports, ISSN 1021-335X, E-ISSN 1791-2431, Vol. 25, no 1, 3-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Members of the epidermal growth factor receptor, EGER, family are interesting as targets for radionuclide therapy using targeting agents labeled with alpha- or beta-emitting radionuclides, especially when EGFR-positive colorectal carcinomas, CRC, are resistant to EGFR inhibiting agents like cetuximab and various tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The expression of EGFR, HER2 and HER3 was therefore analyzed in CRC samples from primary tumors, corresponding lymph node metastases and, in a few cases, liver metastases. The expression of HER2 and EGFR was scored from immunohistochemical preparations using the HercepTest criteria 0, 1+, 2+ or 3+ for cellular membrane staining while HER3 expression was scored as no, weak or strong cytoplasm staining. Material from 60 patients was analyzed. The number of EGFR 2+ or 3+ positive primary tumors was 16 out of 56 (29%) and for lymph node metastases 8 out of 56 (14%) whereas only one out of nine (11%) liver metastases were positive. Thus, there was lower EGFR positivity in the metastases. Only one among 53 patients was strongly HER2 positive and this in both the primary tumor and the metastasis. Eight out of 49 primary tumors (16%) were strongly HER3 positive and the corresponding numbers for lymph node metastases were 9 out of 49 (18%) and for liver metastases 2 out of 9 (22%). The observed number of strongly EGFR positive cases was somewhat low but EGFR might be, for the cases with high EGFR expression in metastases, a target for radionuclide therapy. HER2 seems not to be of such interest due to rare expression, neither HER3 due to mainly expression in the cytoplasm. The requirements for successful EGFR targeted radionuclide therapy are discussed, as well as patient inclusion criteria related to radionuclide therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 25, no 1, 3-11 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, colorectal carcinoma, epidermal growth factor receptor, HER2, HER3, metastasis, radionuclide, receptor expression, therapy
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-146878DOI: 10.3892/or_00001035ISI: 000286303800001PubMedID: 21109951OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-146878DiVA: diva2:399364
Available from: 2011-02-22 Created: 2011-02-21 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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