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The Tip of an Iceberg: Migration in Sweden during the 19th Century
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
2007 (English)In: Immigration and Emigration in Historical Perspective, Pisa: Edizioni Plus, Pisa University Press , 2007, 109-118 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter the relationship between various levels of registered migrations in Sweden during the 19th century is analyzed. While European emigration in the 19th century was in absolute numbers most likely the largest recorded migratory movement in history, it only represented the tip of the iceberg when all forms of migration are considered. On a national level 718,659 moved into or out of Sweden during the period 1871-1900. Figures on rural to urban migration indicate that a significant amount of migration was occurring in the country. Two studies of small rural parishes reveal that migration figures based on net changes, the most common form of statistic,

fail to pick up most migrations. In the parish of Trosa 1513 moves lie behind a net migration loss for the period 1881-1885. The equivalent figures for another small parish, Upsala-Näs, were

985 moves in relation to a net migration loss of 28. The population of Sweden was certainly on the move. Since migration studies most often deal with categories of people (non-migrants and migrants or various types of migrants), the results often fail to take into account the fact that each migration is an individual act and as such unique in its meaning for a particular individual.

Studien bygger på en analys av olika migrationstyper i Sverige under 1800-talet. Även om den europeiska emigrationen under 1800-talet i absoluta tal kanske var den största som någonsin blivit registrerad, utgjorde den endast toppen på ett isberg om man tar hänsyn till alla former av migration. 718 659 individer flyttade till eller från Sverige under perioden 1871-1900. Sifforna som anger flyttning från landsbygden till städerna under samma tidsrymd visar att även denna typ av migration var omfattande. Studier av två små agrara församlingar visar att migrationsstatistik baserad på nettoförändringar, den vanligaste förekommande typen av statistik, missar en väsentlig del av den totala migrationen. I Trosa församling fanns 1513 flyttningar bakom en netto migration förlust på fem personer. Motsvarandesiffror för Upsala-Näs var 985 flyttningar i förhållandet till en nettoförlust på 28. Sveriges befolkning var utan tvivel i rörelse. På grund av att de flesta migrationsstudier arbetar med olika kategorier av människor (flyttare och icke flyttare eller olika typer av flyttare), missar man det faktum att varje flyttning är unik och har en särskild betydelse för den enskilde flyttaren.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pisa: Edizioni Plus, Pisa University Press , 2007. 109-118 p.
Series
Migration transversal theme, 1
Keyword [en]
migration, immigration, emigration, demographic history, 19th century, Sweden
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12185ISBN: 978-88-8492-498-8 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-12185DiVA: diva2:39954
Note
http://www.edizioniplus.it (CLIOHRES)Available from: 2007-12-04 Created: 2007-12-04 Last updated: 2012-07-01Bibliographically approved

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