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Mesoscale optical turbulence simulations above Dome C, Dome A and South Pole
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
2011 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 411, no 1, 693-704 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In two recent papers, themesoscalemodel Meso-NH, jointly with theAstro-Meso-NH package, has been validated at Dome C, Antarctica, for the characterization of optical turbulence. It has been shown that the meteorological parameters (temperature and wind speed, on which the optical turbulence depends) as well as the C-N(2) profiles above Dome C were correctly reproduced statistically. The three most important derived parameters that characterize the optical turbulence above the Internal Antarctic Plateau - the surface-layer thickness, the seeing in the free atmosphere and the seeing in the total atmosphere - were shown to be in very good agreement with observations. Validation of C-N(2) has been performed using all the measurements of the optical turbulence vertical distribution obtained in winter so far. In this paper, in order to investigate the ability of the model to discriminate between different turbulence conditions for site testing, we extend the study to two other potential astronomical sites in Antarctica: Dome A and South Pole, which we expect to be characterized by different turbulence conditions. The optical turbulence has been calculated above these two sites for the same 15 nights studied for Dome C and a comparison between the three sites has been performed. The ability of the Meso-NH model to discriminate between different types of optical turbulence behaviour is confirmed, and it is evident that the three sites considered have different characteristics as regards the seeing and the surface-layer thickness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 411, no 1, 693-704 p.
Keyword [en]
turbulence, atmospheric effects, site testing
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148069DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17709.xISI: 000286525600072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148069DiVA: diva2:401286
Available from: 2011-03-02 Created: 2011-03-01 Last updated: 2011-03-02Bibliographically approved

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