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Linguistic difficulties in children andadolescents after acquired brain injury: a retrospective study.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1875-8894, Vol. 3, no 4, 251-258 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective

The purpose of this study was to focus on two linguistic abilities, word retrieval (expressive language) and comprehension of vocabulary and grammar (receptive language), as well as to investigate to what extent longterm problems exist in these areas in children following traumatic brain injury.

 

Methods

Two groups of children were studied retrospectively: twentyfour children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and twenty-one children diagnosed with brain tumour. All children had been referred to the rehabilitation team for assessment. The children were between four and seventeen years old when assessed, with the assessments performed at least one year after the injury or brain tumour diagnosis. An established set of tests regarding word retrieval and comprehension of vocabulary and grammar was used, and the results were compared with normative test data.

 

Results

In both clinical groups, significantly more children scored lower than the designated “normal” score than in the normative sample on tests measuring confrontation naming and phonological word retrieval. In addition, in the brain tumour group, more children demonstrated significantly lower results than normal performance on a test for semantic word retrieval. In the TBI group, significantly more children scored below the normal value on tests of word and grammatical comprehension when compared to the normative sample.

 

Conclusions

This study confirms that word retrieval is an area of deficit in many children with acquired brain injuries one year or more after the injury occurred. The study also indicates that children with TBI may have persistent deficits in comprehension of both vocabulary and grammar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: IOS Press , 2010. Vol. 3, no 4, 251-258 p.
Keyword [en]
Traumatic brain injury, acquired brain injury, brain tumour, word retrieval, language comprehension, language disorders
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148267DOI: 10.3233/PRM-2010-0137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148267DiVA: diva2:401725
Available from: 2011-03-03 Created: 2011-03-03 Last updated: 2011-03-08Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://iospress.metapress.com/content/p01087313126v551/
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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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