Negative ion chemistry in Titan's upper atmosphere
2009 (English)In: Planetary and Space Science, ISSN 0032-0633, E-ISSN 1873-5088, Vol. 57, no 13, 1558-1572 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
The Electron Spectrometer (ELS), one of the sensors making up the Cassini Plasma Spectrometer (CAPS) revealed the existence of numerous negative ions in Titan's upper atmosphere. The observations at closest approach (similar to 1000 km) show evidence for negatively charged ions up to similar to 10,000 amu/q, as well as two distinct peaks at 22+/-4 and 44+/-8 amu/q, and maybe a third one at 82+/-14 amu/q. We present the first ionospheric model of Titan including negative ion chemistry. We find that dissociative electron attachment to neutral molecules (mostly HCN) initiates the formation of negative ions. The negative charge is then transferred to more acidic molecules such as HC3N, HC5N or C4H2. Loss occurs through associative detachment with radicals (H and CH3). We attribute the three low mass peaks observed by ELS to CN-, C3N-/C4H- and C5N-. These species are the first intermediates in the formation of the even larger negative ions observed by ELS. which are most likely the precursors to the aerosols observed at lower altitudes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 57, no 13, 1558-1572 p.
Atmospheres, Composition, Ionospheres, Organic chemistry, Titan
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148417DOI: 10.1016/j.pss.2009.04.004ISI: 000272284300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148417DiVA: diva2:402277