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Experimental and bioinformatic approaches for analyzing and visualizing cyanobacterial nitrogen and hydrogen metabolism
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Photochemistry and Molecular Science, Molecular Biomimetics.
2007 (English)In: Electronic Journal of Biotechnology, ISSN 0717-3458, Vol. 10, no 4, 549-562 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many cyanobacteria are capable of utilizing light energy for nitrogen fixation. As a byproduct of this nitrogenase mediated catalysis, hydrogen gas is produced. Several approaches to increase hydrogen prodn. from cyanobacteria exist. Usually, these approaches are non-targeted. Here we exemplify how DNA-microarray based gene-expression anal. and bioinformatic visualization techniques can be used to analyze nitrogen and hydrogen metab. from the filamentous, heterocyst forming cyanobacterium Nostoc PCC 7120. We analyzed the expression of 1249 genes from major metabolic categories under nitrogen fixing and non-nitrogen fixing growth. Of the selected genes, 494 show a more than 2-fold expression difference in the two conditions analyzed. Under nitrogen-fixing conditions 465 genes, mainly involved in energy metab., photosynthesis, respiration and nitrogen-fixation, were found to be stronger expressed, whereas only 29 genes showed a stronger expression under non-nitrogen fixing conditions. To help understanding probe hybridization, all expression data were correlated with potential target secondary structures and probe GC-content. For the first time the expression of high light-induced stress proteins (HLIP-family) is shown to be linked to the nitrogen availability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 10, no 4, 549-562 p.
Keyword [en]
bioinformatics, cyanobacteria, DNA-microarrays, gene expression, metabolic pathways, nitrogen availability, nitrogen fixation
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12477DOI: 10.2225/vol10-issue4-fulltext-2ISI: 000252397300008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-12477DiVA: diva2:40246
Available from: 2007-12-27 Created: 2007-12-27 Last updated: 2012-08-22

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