Computerised Decision Support Systems for the management of freshwater radioecological emergencies: assessment of the state-of-the-art with respect to the experiences and needs of end-users
2011 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, ISSN 0265-931X, E-ISSN 1879-1700, Vol. 102, no 2, 119-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Assessment of the environmental and radiological consequences of a nuclear accident requires the management of a great deal of data and information as well as the use of predictive models. Computerised Decision Support Systems (CDSS) are essential tools for this kind of complex assessment and for assisting experts with a rational decision process. The present work focuses on the assessment of the main features of selected state-of-the-art CDSS for off-site management of freshwater ecosystems contaminated by radionuclides. This study involved both developers and end-users of the assessed CDSS and was based on practical customisation exercises, installation and application of the decision systems. Potential end-users can benefit from the availability of several ready-to-use CDSS that allow one to run different kinds of models aimed at predicting the behaviour of radionuclides in aquatic ecosystems, evaluating doses to humans, assessing the effectiveness of different kinds of environmental management interventions and ranking these interventions, accounting for their social, economic and environmental impacts. As a result of the present assessment, the importance of CDSS "integration" became apparent: in many circumstances, different CDSS can be used as complementary tools for the decision-making process. The results of this assessment can also be useful for the future development and improvement of the CDSS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 102, no 2, 119-127 p.
Decision support systems, Nuclear emergency management, Countermeasure effectiveness, Radionuclides, Freshwater ecosystems
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148607DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2010.11.002ISI: 000287339100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148607DiVA: diva2:402491