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Distance and driving force dependencies of electron injection and recombination dynamics in organic dye-sensitized solar cells.
Chalmers University of Technology.
Physical Chemistry KTH and Division of Chemistry and Materials Shinshu University, Japan.
Organic Chemistry, KTH.
Organic Chemistry, KTH.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Physical Chemistry B, ISSN 1520-6106, E-ISSN 1520-5207, Vol. 114, no 45, 14358-14363 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A series of dyes based on a triphenylamine donor and a rhodanine acetic acid anchor/acceptor for solar cell application has been studied with regards to electron injection and recombination kinetics using femtosecond transient absorption. The series contains three dyes, with estimated electron transfer distances ranging from 17.2 to 11.0 Å, and which have shown significant differences in energy conversion efficiencies. The injection and recombination kinetics were studied in the NIR region where electrons in the conduction band of the TiO(2) are suggested to absorb. For all dyes, the injection rate is larger than (200 fs)(-1) which implicates a quantitative injection efficiency. Surprisingly, the subsequent recombination reaction has a rate that increases with increasing linker length. On the other hand, this behavior is consistent with the concomitant decrease in driving force for this series of dyes. Moreover, the lifetimes show exponential distance dependence when corrected for driving force and reorganization energy, which indicates a superexchange interaction between the electrons in TiO(2) and the radical cations of the dyes. A dependence on probe wavelength of the attenuation factor was found, giving a β value of 0.38 Å(-1) at 940 nm and 0.49 Å(-1) at 1040 nm. The difference is suggested to be due to the difference in electronic coupling between fully separated dye cations and injected electrons versus geminate electron-hole pairs. Addition of tert-butylpyridine, which from previous work is known to give a substantial drop in the IPCE values for the studied dyes, was found to decrease the amount of long-lived electrons in the TiO(2) without affecting the injection rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 114, no 45, 14358-14363 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148676DOI: 10.1021/jp1002963ISI: 000284018000030PubMedID: 20380364OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148676DiVA: diva2:402685
Available from: 2011-03-09 Created: 2011-03-09 Last updated: 2011-05-09Bibliographically approved

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