Observation and modeling of the injection observed by THEMIS and LANL satellites during the 23 March 2007 substorm event
2009 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, Vol. 114, no 2, A00C18- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During the encounter of a substorm on 23 March 2007, the THEMIS constellation observed energetic particle injections and dipolarizations in the premidnight sector. Clear injection and dipolarization signatures were observed during the main intensification by three probes ( A, B, and D) in the region around 11 R-E and 2100 local time ( LT). THEMIS C, which was leading in the constellation at 8.3 R-E, also observed a clear injection signature, but the dipolarization was not so clear. From the timing based on these observations, a fast westward expanding ion injection and dipolarization front was identified. In combination with the energetic particle observations from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) geosynchronous satellites, the particle injection seemed to initiate between 2100 and 0100 LT. This event provides an excellent opportunity to examine the dipolarization and particle injection processes beyond geosynchronous orbit and over a wide LT range. We model this injection event by means of test particle simulation, setting up an initial particle distribution and sending an earthward dipolarization-like pulse from the tail that also expands azimuthally, then recording the ions and electrons at the various satellite locations. Most features of the injected particles are reproduced by the test particle simulation. These include not only the earthward injections but also the fast westward expansion of the injection, as well as the timing of the injections as observed among different satellites that made the observations. On the basis of the observations and the simulation results, we suggest that this substorm injection was initiated around 2300 LT, farther down the tail, and propagated radially inward and expanded azimuthally.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 114, no 2, A00C18- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148772DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013498ISI: 000263737900001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148772DiVA: diva2:402981