uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Coil design for the straight field line mirror
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division for Electricity and Lightning Research.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Division for Electricity and Lightning Research.
2009 (English)In: Fusion science and technology, ISSN 1536-1055, E-ISSN 1943-7641, Vol. 55, no 2T, 127-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Coil systems for producing the Straight Field Line Mirror field using axisymmetric and quadrupolar coils are calculated. Two applications are intended, a fusion-fission nuclear waste transmutation device and a small plasma deposition device. Position, size and current for the axisymmetric coils are optimized as well as radial profile and current for the quadrupolar coils for the two applications. Calculations show that such a coil system can produce the Straight Field Line Mirror field for long-thin mirrors with moderate mirror ratio, but some other coil configuration needs to be found for mirrors where the coils cannot reside close to the plasma edge. In this work, the material science experiment mirror can be produced with about 1% error but the fusion-fission device field has not at this moment been reproduced with acceptable errors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 55, no 2T, 127-130 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148887ISI: 000265186400026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148887DiVA: diva2:403317
Available from: 2011-03-11 Created: 2011-03-11 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Coil Design and Related Studies for the Fusion-Fission Reactor Concept SFLM Hybrid
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Coil Design and Related Studies for the Fusion-Fission Reactor Concept SFLM Hybrid
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A fusion-fission (hybrid) reactor is a combination of a fusion device and a subcritical fission reactor, where the fusion device acts as a neutron source and the power is mainly produced in the fission core. Hybrid reactors may be suitable for transmutation of transuranic isotopes in the spent nuclear fuel, due to the safety margin on criticality imposed by the subcritical fission core. The SFLM Hybrid project is a theoretical project that aims to point out the possibilities with steady-state mirror-based hybrid reactors. The quadrupolar magnetic mirror vacuum field is based on the Straight Field Line Mirror field and the central cell is 25 m long. A fission mantle surrounds the mirror cell. The fission to fusion power ratio is about 150 with keff = 0.97, implying that almost all the produced energy comes from fission. Beyond each mirror end magnetic expanders are located, which increase the plasma receiving “divertor” area and provide tolerable heat load on wall materials. The plasma is heated with ion cyclotron radio frequency heating and the fission mantle is cooled using a liquid lead-bismuth eutectic. The device is self-sufficient in tritium, and does not seem to suffer from severe material problems. A remaining issue may be the plasma electron temperature, which need to reach about 500 eV for efficient power production.  In this doctoral thesis, theoretical work has been done with the magnetic coil system of such a device and also with the overall concept. A new coil type, the fishbone coil, suitable for single cell quadrupolar mirrors, has been invented. Two vacuum field coil sets with satisfying properties have been found, where the most recent coil set consists of fishbone coils. Finite ß effects on the magnetic field have been investigated, showing that the flux tube ellipticity increases with ß. The ellipticity of the vacuum field increases slightly with radius, but with finite ß it decreases with radius. The maximum flux surface radial extensions decrease with ß, which is an unexpected and beneficial result. A radial invariant has also been identified, and particle simulations have been made to emphasize that quadrupolar mirrors must be symmetric or confinement may be lost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 138 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 991
Keyword
Fusion, Fission, Hybrid reactor, Actinides, Mirror Machine, Quadrupolar mirror, Coils
National Category
Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-183362 (URN)978-91-554-8521-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-12-10, Polhemssalen, Ångströmslaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsv. 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-11-19 Created: 2012-10-24 Last updated: 2013-01-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Hagnestål, AndersÅgren, Olov

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hagnestål, AndersÅgren, Olov
By organisation
Division for Electricity and Lightning Research
In the same journal
Fusion science and technology
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 362 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf