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Somatostatin analogs for the treatment of neuroendocrine tumors
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Internal Medicine. (Kjell Öberg)
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2011 (English)In: Cancer Metastasis Review, ISSN 0167-7659, E-ISSN 1573-7233, Vol. 30, no 1, 9-17 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Somatostatin is an important regulator of endocrine and exocrine secretion, affecting the release of many hormones. The effects of somatostatin are mediated through its interaction with one of five somatostatin receptors. Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) express multiple somatostatin receptors, making them excellent potential therapeutic targets. Many trials have shown that treatment with somatostatin analogs is associated with disease stabilization and prolonged survival. More recently, somatostatin analogs have been shown to have antiproliferative effects, thus broadening the scope of their uses. In this review, we update the current data on the treatment of GEP-NETs with somatostatin analogs, with particular emphasis on the results of the PROMID study. In addition, we discuss the current state of knowledge of novel therapies against GEP-NETs, including the use of somatostatin analogs with broader receptor binding profiles, chimeric somatostatin-dopamine molecules, combinations of somatostatin analogs with other active chemotherapy agents, and peptide receptor-targeted radionuclide therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 30, no 1, 9-17 p.
Keyword [en]
Gastroenteropancreatic, Neuroendocrine tumor (or NET), Somatostatin
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149023DOI: 10.1007/s10555-011-9293-0ISI: 000288255900003PubMedID: 21369878OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149023DiVA: diva2:403711
Available from: 2011-03-14 Created: 2011-03-14 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

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