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High pressure, mechanical, and optical properties of ZrW2O8
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 109, no 3, 033510- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we present the high pressure studies of well known negative thermal expansion material ZrW2O8 on the basis of our density functional theory calculations. We reproduce the experimental alpha and gamma crystal structures of ZrW2O8. We calculate the transition pressure (from alpha to gamma) of this material to be approximate to 26 kbar. Our calculated positional and axial parameters are in an excellent agreement with the available experimental values for the both alpha and gamma phases of this material. Then we study the mechanical properties of this material. We calculate the elastic constants, bulk, shear and Young's moduli, Poisson's ratio, and Debye temperature of alpha-ZrW2O8. In our study, we find that the generalized gradient approximation method fails to obtain the correct values while the local density approximation (LDA) method successfully reproduces the experimental bulk modulus of ZrW2O8. Our calculated values of the shear and Young's moduli, Poisson's ratio, and Debye temperature of alpha-ZrW2O8 with LDA method are also in good agreement with the experimental results. Finally, we predict and analyze the optical properties of this material.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 109, no 3, 033510- p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-148942DOI: 10.1063/1.3544487ISI: 000287366000023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-148942DiVA: diva2:403812

Correction in: Journal of Applied Physics, 2011, Vol. 109, issue. 7, article nr. 079903

Available from: 2011-03-15 Created: 2011-03-14 Last updated: 2014-01-08
In thesis
1. Structural, Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Structural, Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Advanced Functional Materials
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The search for alternate and renewable energy resources as well as the efficient use of energy and development of such systems that can help to save the energy consumption is needed because of exponential growth in world population, limited conventional fossil fuel resources, and to meet the increasing demand of clean and environment friendly substitutes. Hydrogen being the simplest, most abundant and clean energy carrier has the potential to fulfill some of these requirements provided the development of efficient, safe and durable systems for its production, storage and usage.

Chemical hydrides, complex hydrides and nanomaterials, where the hydrogen is either chemically bonded to the metal ions or physiosorbed, are the possible means to overcome the difficulties associated with the storage and usage of hydrogen at favorable conditions. We have studied the structural and electronic properties of some of the chemical hydrides, complex hydrides and functionalized nanostructures to understand the kinetics and thermodynamics of these materials.

Another active field relating to energy storage is rechargeable batteries. We have studied the detailed crystal and electronic structures of Li and Mg based cathode materials and calculated the average intercalation voltage of the corresponding batteries. We found that transition metal doped MgH2 nanocluster is a material to use efficiently not only in batteries but also in fuel-cell technologies.

MAX phases can be used to develop the systems to save the energy consumption. We have chosen one compound from each of all known types of MAX phases and analyzed the structural, electronic, and mechanical properties using the hybrid functional. We suggest that the proper treatment of correlation effects is important for the correct description of Cr2AlC and Cr2GeC by the good choice of Hubbard 'U' in DFT+U method.

Hydrogen is fascinating to physicists due to predicted possibility of metallization and high temperature superconductivity. On the basis of our ab initio molecular dynamics studies, we propose that the recent claim of conductive hydrogen by experiments might be explained by the diffusion of hydrogen at relevant pressure and temperature.

In this thesis we also present the studies of phase change memory materials, oxides and amorphization of oxide materials, spintronics and sulfide materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2013. 98 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1062
DFT, Hydrogen storage, Rechargeable batteries, Amorphization, Electronic structure, Crystal strcuture, Molecular dynamics, Diffusion, Intercalation voltage, High pressure, MAX phases, Mechanical properties, Optical properties, Phase change memory, Spintronics, Magnetism, Correlation effects, Band structure
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-205243 (URN)978-91-554-8723-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-27, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2013-09-06 Created: 2013-08-15 Last updated: 2014-01-08Bibliographically approved

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