Exclusive breastfeeding of low birth weight infants for the first six months: infant morbidity and maternal and infant anthropometry
2011 (English)In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0964-7058, Vol. 20, no 1, 62-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: to report anthropometry and morbidity among term low birth weight infants and anthropometry of their first time mothers during the first six months in relation to breastfeeding practice. Methods: we examined data from a randomized controlled trial in Manila, the Philippines. Of the 204 mothers randomized, 68 mothers received eight postpartum breastfeeding counseling sessions, the rest did not. Maternal and infant anthropometric data at birth, 2, 4 and 6 months were taken. During seven follow-up hospital visits, an independent interviewer recorded feeding data. Results: the 24 infants exclusively breastfed from birth to six months did not have diarrhea compared to 134 partially breastfed (mean 2.3 days) and 21 non-breastfed infants (mean 2.5 days). Partially breastfed and non-breastfed infants compared to exclusively breastfed infants had more frequent, as well as more severe episodes of respiratory infections. At six months, neither overall gain in infant weight, length and head circumferences nor mean maternal weight and body mass index differed significantly between the feeding groups. Conclusions: exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months can be recommended in term low birth weight infants, who were protected from diarrhea, had fewer respiratory infections, required no hospitalization and had catch up growth. Exclusively breastfeeding mothers did not differ from mothers who breastfed partially or those who did not breastfeed with regard to weight changes at six months.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 1, 62-68 p.
breastfeeding, counseling, diarrhea, anthropometry, growth
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149167ISI: 000289186200011PubMedID: 21393112OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149167DiVA: diva2:404047