Statistical analysis of the location of the Martian magnetic pileup boundary and bow shock and the influence of crustal magnetic fields
2008 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, Vol. 113, no A8, A08206- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We use the data set from the magnetometer and electron reflectometer instruments on board the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft to show that the crustal magnetic fields of Mars affect the location of the magnetic pileup boundary (MPB) and bow shock (BS) globally. We search for crossings of the MPB and BS in the data that were observed over the first 16 months of the mission. To identify the influence of the crustal magnetic fields, all crossings are extrapolated to the terminator plane in order to remove the solar zenith angle (SZA) dependence, and to make it possible to compare crossings independently of location. The MPB crossings that were observed over regions on Mars, which contain strong crustal magnetic fields, are on average located further out than crossings observed over regions with weak crustal fields. This is shown in three separate longitude intervals. We also find that the dayside BS crossings observed over the southern hemisphere of Mars are on average located further out than the BS crossings observed over the northern hemisphere, possibly because of the influence of the crustal fields. We also study the magnetic field strength and its variation at the inside of the MPB and their dependence on the SZA and altitude. We find that the magnitude of the magnetic field in the MPB is closely linked to the altitude of the MPB, with the magnitude increasing as the MPB is observed closer to the planet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 113, no A8, A08206- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149350DOI: 10.1029/2008JA013096ISI: 000258341800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149350DiVA: diva2:404697