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High energy jets in the Earth's magnetosheath: Implications for plasma dynamics and anomalous transport
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2008 (English)In: JETP Letters: Journal of Experimental And Theoretical Physics Letters, ISSN 0021-3640, E-ISSN 1090-6487, Vol. 87, no 11, 593-599 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High energy density Jets in the magnetosheath near the Earth magnetopause were observed by Interball-1 [1]. In this paper, we continue the investigation of this important physical phenomenon. New data provided by Cluster show that the magnetosheath kinetic energy density during more than one hour exhibits an average level and a series of peaks far exceeding the kinetic energy density in the undisturbed solar wind. This is a surprising finding because the kinetic energy of the upstream solar wind in equilibrium should be significantly diminished downstream in the magnetosheath due to plasma braking and thermalization at the bow shock. We suggest resolving the energy conservation problem by the fact that the nonequilibrium Jets appear to be locally superimposed on the background equilibrium magnetosheath, and, thus, the energy balance should be settled globally on the spatial scales of the entire dayside magnetosheath. We show that both the Cluster and Interball jets are accompanied by plasma superdiffusion and suggest that they are important for the energy dissipation and plasma transport. The character of the Jet-related turbulence strongly differs From that of known standard cascade models. We infer that these Jets may represent the phenomenon of the general physical occurrence observed in other natural systems, such as heliosphere, astrophysical, and fusion plasmas [2-10].

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 87, no 11, 593-599 p.
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149346DOI: 10.1134/S0021364008110015ISI: 000258777000001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149346DiVA: diva2:404699
Available from: 2011-03-18 Created: 2011-03-18 Last updated: 2011-03-18Bibliographically approved

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Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Uppsala Division
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