Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in rectal cancer: a comprehensive review
2010 (English)In: Insight into Imaging, ISSN 1869-4101, Vol. 1, no 4, 245-267 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has established itself as the primary method for local staging in patients with rectal cancer. This is due to several factors, most importantly because of the ability to assess the status of circumferential resection margin. There are several newer developments being introduced continuously, such as diffusion-weighted imaging and imaging with 3 T. Assessment of loco-regional lymph nodes has also been investigated extensively using different approaches, but more work needs to be done. Finally, evaluation of tumours during or after preoperative treatment is becoming an everyday reality. All these new aspects prompt a review of the most recent advances and opinions. In this review, a comprehensive overview of the current status of MRI in the loco-regional assessment and management of rectal cancer is presented. The findings on MRI and their accuracy are reviewed based on the most up-to-date evidence. Optimisation of MRI acquisition and relevant regional anatomy are also presented, based on published literature and our own experience.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 1, no 4, 245-267 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149424DOI: 10.1007/s13244-010-0037-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149424DiVA: diva2:404974