High-energy X-ray optics with silicon saw-tooth refractive lenses
2007 (English)In: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, ISSN 0909-0495, E-ISSN 1600-5775, Vol. 14, no part 2, 204-211 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Silicon saw-tooth refractive lenses have been in successful use for vertical focusing and collimation of high-energy X-rays (50-100 keV) at the 1-ID undulator beamline of the Advanced Photon Source. In addition to presenting an effectively parabolic thickness profile, as required for aberration-free refractive optics, these devices allow high transmission and continuous tunability in photon energy and focal length. Furthermore, the use of a single-crystal material (i.e. Si) minimizes small-angle scattering background. The focusing performance of such saw-tooth lenses, used in conjunction with the 1-ID beamline's bent double-Laue monochromator, is presented for both short (1:0.02) and long (1:0.6) focal-length geometries, giving line-foci in the 2 µm-25 µm width range with 81 keV X-rays. In addition, a compound focusing scheme was tested whereby the radiation intercepted by a distant short-focal-length lens is increased by having it receive a collimated beam from a nearer (upstream) lens. The collimation capabilities of Si saw-tooth lenses are also exploited to deliver enhanced throughput of a subsequently placed small-angular-acceptance high-energy-resolution post-monochromator in the 50-80 keV range. The successful use of such lenses in all these configurations establishes an important detail, that the pre-monochromator, despite being comprised of vertically reflecting bent Laue geometry crystals, can be brilliance-preserving to a very high degree.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 14, no part 2, 204-211 p.
saw-tooth lenses, refractive lenses, high-energy X-rays, X-ray optics
Physical Sciences Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-12740DOI: 10.1107/S0909049507003962ISI: 000244207500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-12740DiVA: diva2:40509