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Endothelin type A and B receptors in the control of afferent and efferent arterioles in mice
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2011 (English)In: Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, ISSN 0931-0509, E-ISSN 1460-2385, Vol. 26, no 3, 779-789 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Endothelin 1 contributes to renal blood flow control and pathogenesis of kidney diseases. The differential effects, however, of endothelin 1 (ET-1) on afferent (AA) and efferent arterioles (EA) remain to be established. Methods. We investigated endothelin type A and B receptor (ETA-R, ETB-R) functions in the control of AA and EA. Arterioles of ETB-R deficient, rescued mice [ETB (-/-)] and wild types [ETB(+/+)] were microperfused. Results. ET-1 constricted AA stronger than EA in ETB (-/-) and ETB(+/+) mice. Results in AA: ET-1 induced similar constrictions in ETB(-/-) and ETB(+/+) mice. BQ-123 (ETA-R antagonist) inhibited this response in both groups. ALA-ET-1 and IRL1620 (ETB-R agonists) had no effect on arteriolar diameter. L-NAME did neither affect basal diameters nor ET-1 responses. Results in EA: ET-1 constricted EA stronger in ETB(+/+) compared to ETB(-/-). BQ-123 inhibited the constriction completely only in ETB(-/-). ALA-ET-1 and IRL1620 constricted only arterioles of ETB(+/+) mice. L-NAME decreased basal diameter in ETB(+/+), but not in ETB(-/-) mice and increased the ET-1 response similarly in both groups. The L-NAME actions indicate a contribution of ETB-R in basal nitric oxide (NO) release in EA and suggest dilatory action of ETA-R in EA. Conclusions. ETA-R mediates vasoconstriction in AA and contributes to vasoconstriction in EA in this mouse model. ETB-R has no effect in AA but mediates basal NO release and constriction in EA. The stronger effect of ET-1 on AA supports observations of decreased glomerular filtration rate to ET-1 and indicates a potential contribution of ET-1 to the pathogenesis of kidney diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 3, 779-789 p.
Keyword [en]
endothelin, ETB receptor-deficient mouse, glomerular arterioles, renal haemodynamics
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149580DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfq534ISI: 000287746500006PubMedID: 20813769OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149580DiVA: diva2:405151
Available from: 2011-03-21 Created: 2011-03-21 Last updated: 2011-03-21Bibliographically approved

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