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History of geology in Norden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences.
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2008 (English)In: Episodes, ISSN 0705-3797, Vol. 31, no 1, 185-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden have been closely connected for many centuries, not least from a geological point of view. Scientific cooperation as well as contentions have been common. The earliest known records of "geological" treatises are from the 16th century, but especially in the 18th century, when the natural sciences flourished all over Europe, Nordic scholars were in the forefront in geochemistry, mineralogy, and paleontology. This was also the century when "geology" started to be taught at the universities, and science academies were founded in Norden, adding greatly to "geological" studies. In the 19th century, like in so many other countries, national geological survey organizations and geological societies were founded. In Norden, geological research has long traditions within mineralogy and ore geology, paleontology and stratigraphy, tectonics and structural geology. During the last century, focus has turned also to Quaternary and glacial geology, igneous and metamorphic petrology, geochemistry, micropaleontology, petroleum geology, sedimentology, marine geology, geophysics, geochronology, and research related to geothermal energy and deposition of radioactive waste products. In many of these research areas. Nordic geo-scientists have contributed greatly over the years to the development of the science of geology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 31, no 1, 185-192 p.
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149696ISI: 000255771300026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149696DiVA: diva2:405272
Conference Information: 33rd International Geological Congress Oslo, NORWAY, AUG 06-14, 2008 Available from: 2011-03-22 Created: 2011-03-22 Last updated: 2011-03-22Bibliographically approved

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