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Cardiovascular Events in Subgroups of Patients During Primary Treatment of Hypertension With Candesartan or Losartan
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Family Medicine and Preventive Medicine.
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Hypertension, ISSN 1524-6175, Vol. 13, no 3, 189-197 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Merging data from existing electronic patient records, and electronic hospital discharge and cause of death registers, is a fast and relatively inexpensive method for comparing different treatments with regard to clinical outcome. This study compared the effects of antihypertensive treatment with candesartan or losartan on cardiovascular disease (CVD) using Swedish registers. Patients without previous CVD who were prescribed candesartan (n=7329) or losartan (n=6771) for hypertension during 1999-2007 at 72 Swedish primary care centers were followed for up to 9 years. Both medications were given according to current recommendations, and there was no difference observed in achieved blood pressures. The authors have previously shown that candesartan lowered the risk of all CVD (primary composite end point) more so than losartan (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.86; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-0.96). Candesartan also had a significantly better effect with regards to reducing the development of heart failure, cardiac arrhythmias, and peripheral arterial disease. In the present analysis, the authors found that candesartan, compared with losartan, reduced the risk of all CVD, irrespective of sex, age, previous antihypertensive treatment, baseline blood pressure, and presence of diabetes. These clinical findings may reflect differences between candesartan and losartan in their binding characteristics to the angiotensin type 1 receptor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 3, 189-197 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149712DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-7176.2010.00410.xISI: 000287933100009PubMedID: 21366850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149712DiVA: diva2:405435
Available from: 2011-03-22 Created: 2011-03-22 Last updated: 2012-03-30Bibliographically approved

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Stålhammar, Jan
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