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Retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in full-term children assessed with Heidelberg retinal tomography and optical coherence tomography: normal values and interocular asymmetry
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Ophthalmology.
2011 (English)In: Acta Ophthalmologica, ISSN 1755-375X, E-ISSN 1755-3768, Vol. 89, no 2, 151-158 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate normal values and interocular differences in retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness, using optical coherence tomography (OCT) and Heidelberg retinal tomography (HRT), in 5-16-year-old children born at full-term with normal birthweights. Methods: Fifty-six children with normal visual acuity and refraction were examined with Stratus OCT and HRT. Three examinations were performed in each eye. One eye in each child was randomized for analyses of normal values. Findings in 54 eyes were evaluated. Mean values of RNFL thickness were calculated. Coefficients of variance and intraclass correlations were calculated. The correlation between right and left eyes and the limits of difference were determined for both methods. Results: Mean RNFL thickness was 98.4 mu m (standard deviation [SD] 7.88 mu m) assessed with OCT and 213.0 mu m (SD 54.0 mu m) assessed with HRT. No correlations between age or gender and RNFL thickness were found. The coefficients of variance were 2.9% and 5.6% for OCT and HRT, respectively, and intraclass correlations were 0.85 and 0.88, respectively. The limits of difference between the two eyes ranged from -9 mu m to 9 mu m with OCT and from -109 mu m to 87 mu m with HRT. Conclusions: Both OCT and HRT can be used in children aged 5-16 years, but OCT provides less variability in determinations of RNFL thickness, both in repeated examinations of the same eye and in comparisons between the two eyes. The present study provides values for normal RNFL thickness in healthy children which can be used to make comparisons with values in children with optic nerve diseases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 89, no 2, 151-158 p.
Keyword [en]
children, full-term, Heidelberg retinal tomography, interocular asymmetry, normal values, optical coherence tomography, repeatability, retinal nerve fibre layer
National Category
Ophthalmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149792DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2009.01680.xISI: 000287664700035PubMedID: 19878103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149792DiVA: diva2:405594
Available from: 2011-03-23 Created: 2011-03-23 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved

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