Use of plasma: Clinical indications and types of plasma components in Sweden
2007 (English)In: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, ISSN 1246-7820, E-ISSN 1953-8022, Vol. 14, no 6, 560-563 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The use of plasma in Sweden is relatively high compared to other countries in the European Union. An analysis of all transfusion recipients in Orebro county during the whole year 2000 was performed. There were 3159 transfusion recipients of whom 96% had a registered diagnosis and 50% had undergone a "true" operation. Seven hundred and eleven patients (23%) had received plasma. Significantly more operated than nonoperated and more men than women received plasma. The typical plasma recipient was a man undergoing cardiovascular surgery. In Sweden there are two main types of plasma components: fresh frozen (FFP) and nonfrozen liquid plasma stored for up to 14 days, both considered to be clinically equal for most indications. The quality of these components as well as stored thawed FFP has been studied. The major storage effect was cold-induced contact activation and thereby consumption of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1INH) by day 14 in 22%. The citrate content in plasma sustained the overall coagulation function over 14 days. Other studies have shown that the levels of FV and ADAMTS 13 after 14 days remain at 70% or more compared to those for FFP. Since it is immediately available, liquid, nonfrozen or thawed, plasma is of great value in emergencies. Quality criteria for plasma components need to be assessed against evidence based indications and published in guidelines.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 14, no 6, 560-563 p.
transfusion recipients, FFP, liquid plasma, FV, vWF, ADAMTS 13, C1INH
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149684DOI: 10.1016/j.tracli.2008.02.003ISI: 000256201300015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149684DiVA: diva2:405811