Elastic neutron scattering studies at 96 MeV for transmutation
2007 (English)In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, ISSN 0144-8420, E-ISSN 1742-3406, Vol. 126, no 1-4, 119-122 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Elastic neutron scattering from (12)c, N-14, O-16, Si-28, (40) Ca, Fe-56, Y-89 and Ph-208 has been studiedl at 96 MeV in the10-70 degrees interval, using the SCANDAL (SCAttered Nucleon Detection AssembLy) facility. The results for C-12 and Pb-208 have recently been published, while the data on the other nuclei are under analysis. The achieved energy resolution, 3.7 MeV, is about an order of magnitude better than for any previous experiment above 65 MeV incident energy. A novel method for normalisation of the absolute scale of the cross section has been used. The estimated normalisation uncertainty, 3%, is unprecedented for a neutron-induced differential cross section measurement on a nuclear target. Elastic neutron scattering is of utmost importance for a vast number of applications. Besides its fundamental importance as a laboratory for tests of isospin dependence in the nucleon-nucleon, and nucleon-nucleus, interaction, knowledge of the optical potentials derived from elastic scattering come into play in virtually every application where a detailed understanding of nuclear processes is important. Applications for these measurements are dose effects due to fast neutrons, including fast neutron therapy, as well as nuclear waste incineration and single event upsets in electronics. The results at light nuclei of medical relevance (C-12, N-14 and O-16) are presented separately. In the present contribution, results on the heavier nuclei are presented, among which several are of relevance to shielding of fast neutrons.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 126, no 1-4, 119-122 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-149843DOI: 10.1093/rpd/ncm025ISI: 000254997400025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-149843DiVA: diva2:405935