IFN-α Production by Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells Stimulated with RNA-Containing Immune Complexes Is Promoted by NK Cells via MIP-1β and LFA-1
2011 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 186, no 9, 5085-5094 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several systemic autoimmune diseases display a prominent IFN signature. This is caused by a continuous IFN-α production by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), which are activated by immune complexes (ICs) containing nucleic acid. The IFN-α production by pDCs stimulated with RNA-containing IC (RNA-IC) consisting of anti-RNP autoantibodies and U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particles was recently shown to be inhibited by monocytes, but enhanced by NK cells. The inhibitory effect of monocytes was mediated by TNF-α, PGE2, and reactive oxygen species, but the mechanisms for the NK cell-mediated increase in IFN-α production remained unclear. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms whereby NK cells increase the RNA-IC–induced IFN-α production by pDCs. Furthermore, NK cells from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were evaluated for their capacity to promote IFN-α production. We found that CD56dim NK cells could increase IFN-α production >1000-fold after RNA-IC activation, whereas CD56bright NK cells required costimulation by IL-12 and IL-18 to promote IFN-α production. NK cells produced MIP-1α, MIP-1β, RANTES, IFN-γ, and TNF-α via RNA-IC–mediated FcγRIIIA activation. The IFN-α production in pDCs was promoted by NK cells via MIP-1β secretion and LFA-mediated cell–cell contact. Moreover, NK cells from SLE patients displayed a reduced capacity to promote the RNA-IC–induced IFN-α production, which could be restored by exogenous IL-12 and IL-18. Thus, different molecular mechanisms can mediate the NK cell-dependent increase in IFN-α production by RNA-IC–stimulated pDCs, and our study suggests that the possibility to therapeutically target the NK–pDC axis in IFN-α–driven autoimmune diseases such as SLE should be investigated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 186, no 9, 5085-5094 p.
interferon, plasmacytoid dendritic cells, MIP-1beta, NK cells
Rheumatology and Autoimmunity
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150274DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1003349ISI: 000289679600011PubMedID: 21430220OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150274DiVA: diva2:406926