A new static calculation of the streamer region for long spark gaps
2012 (English)In: Journal of Electrostatics, ISSN 0304-3886, Vol. 70, no 1, 15-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Different electrostatic approximations have been proposed to calculate the streamer region without going in deep details of the behavior of density of particles under the effect of high electric fields; this kind of approximations have been used in numerical calculations of long spark gaps and lightning attachment. The simplifications of the streamer region are achieved by considering it to be a geometrical region with a constant geometrical shape. Different geometrical shapes have been used, such as cones or several parallel filaments. Afterward, to simplify the procedures, the streamer region was approximated by two constants, one denoted K-Q, called the geometrical constant and in other cases K named as geometrical factor. However, when a voltage that varies with time is applied to an arrangement of electrodes (high voltage and grounded electrodes), the background electric field will change with time. Thus, if the background electric field is modified, the streamer zone could cover a larger or smaller area. With the aim of reducing the number of assumptions required in the calculation of long gap discharges, a new electrostatic model to calculate the streamer region is presented. This model considers a variable streamer zone that changes with the electric field variations. The three-dimensional region that fulfills the minimum electric field to sustain a streamer is identified for each time step, and the charge accumulated in that region is then calculated. The only parameter that is being used in the calculation is the minimum electric field necessary for the propagation of streamers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 70, no 1, 15-19 p.
charge, leader, Streamer, Electrical charge, Electric field, Corona inception, Discharge
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject Electricity, Esp The Study Of Transients and Discharges; Engineering Science with specialization in Science of Electricity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150528DOI: 10.1016/j.elstat.2011.07.013ISI: 000300804300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150528DiVA: diva2:407586