Symmetry breaking in charge-transfer compounds: The effects of electric fields and substituents on the properties of bipyrazine cations
1995 (English)In: Molecular Engineering, ISSN 0925-5125, E-ISSN 1572-8951, Vol. 4, no 4, 339-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effects of an electric field and of various substituents on the symmetry breaking of degenerate near-midgap orbitals and on different properties in bi-N,N’-pyrazine-1,6-hexatriene dications ([C4N2H4—(CH)6—C4N2H4]2+) are investigated by means of semiempirical PM3 and INDO CI methods. The electric field is simulated by applying positive/negative point charges at varying distances from the end-points, and the substitutions are done with single chlorine atoms or with CN, OH or CH3 groups, at various positions along the chain or on one of the pyrazine rings. The results are compared with calculations on the unsubstituted, field-free system. It is found that an electric field (e.g., as applied over a membrane) leads to significant symmetry breaking and also polarizes the HOMO and LUMO, such that electron transfer between these orbitals generates large dipole-moment shifts and non-negligible oscillator strengths. With substituents, no major symmetry breaking is observed for the ground state. Instead, strong modifications of the orbital picture are observed, in particular when using the stronger electron-withdrawing substituents. Placing the substituent in a ring position does, furthermore, lead to the possibility of large charge transfer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 4, no 4, 339-352 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150652DOI: 10.1007/BF01019467OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150652DiVA: diva2:408152