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Allyloxy-modified starch with low degree of substitution for fiber reinforced thermoset starch composites
Functional Materials Center, Laboratory of Polymer Technology, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Finland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Applied Mechanics.
Laboratory of Wood and Paper Chemistry, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Finland.
Functional Materials Center, Laboratory of Polymer Technology, Åbo Akademi University, Åbo, Finland.
2011 (English)In: Composites Science And Technology, ISSN 0266-3538, E-ISSN 1879-1050, Vol. 71, no 4, 520-527 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present work dough moulding compound premixes of allyl glycidyl ether modified (AGE)-potato starch, (DS) = 0.2, has been prepared and tested for its fiber reinforced composite properties. The AGE-starch was hydrolyzed with a-amylase under neutral condition for 6 h at 45 degrees C for improved process ability. The grafting and hydrolytic scission was confirmed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC), respectively. Homogeneous composite premixes of AGE-starch, wood fibers, various amount of glycerol and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate were successfully mixed with a Brabender-kneader at 55 degrees C and cured by compression molding at 150 degrees C using 2 wt% of dibenzoyl peroxide. Adding 5 wt% of glycerol did not reduce the ultimate strength of the composites: 10% glycerol reduced the strength from 60 MPa to 40 MPa, and 16% glycerol to 14 MPa. The results with 5 wt% glycerol are comparable with earlier achieved results. The water absorption rate increased with increased glycerol content and the mechanical strength of the composites was lost completely when the moisture uptake reached 15 wt%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 71, no 4, 520-527 p.
Keyword [en]
Polymer-matrix composites, Mechanical properties, SEM, Heat treatment
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150767DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2010.12.030ISI: 000288357700013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150767DiVA: diva2:408719
Available from: 2011-04-06 Created: 2011-04-06 Last updated: 2016-04-19Bibliographically approved

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Gamstedt, E. Kristofer
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