A qualitative case study of well-beingamong Mongolian nomads: A climate capability analysis
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Mongolia is categorized as a climate vulnerable country. With thirty percent nomadism, andalmost a hundred degrees difference between summer and winter, climate change exceedstheir earlier adaptation practices. This is a problem on its own, amplified by the socioeconomicchanges following the communist fall and the political shift after the 1990s. Theempirical aim of the thesis is to identify and analyze the climate change effect on variouscapabilities among the Mongolian nomads, and the reasons for this. Secondly, a theoreticalaim is to show the significance of the results of a climate capability analysis focusing onvulnerability capabilities and possible adaptation practices. In order to do this TheCapability Approach (TCA) was used in two ways: firstly, from a social sustainability pointof view, the CA worked as a theoretical base entering objectives of development through thedefinition of well-being identified with the freedom of taking choices. Secondly, a List ofCapabilities developed by Kronlid D. and others was used as a methodological tool andstarting point for analysis in order to trace capabilities affected by climate change. Theresults show that mobility appears as the main capability affected by climate change thatimpacts nomadic well-being most severely. This capability can be seen as a vulnerabilitycapability through forced mobility, including the constrained settlement and forceddisplacement. In turn, mobility is interlinked to three other capabilities that have a morepronounced connection to mobility than the others, namely “Life and Health”, “Work andPlay” and “Coherent self-determination”. This List of Capabilities can be seen as a web ofconnections. Conversion factors are seen as crucial in the process of converting resourcesinto real freedoms. Identifying their vulnerability capabilities, one can through the analysisdescribe institutional adaptation strategies that can be categorized as social conversionfactors. Interesting discussions and questions appeared during the work. What does forcedmobility do to the nomad’s well-being, directing the analysis to holistic mobility (existential,geographical and social mobility intertwined)? Is a free choice always positive for wellbeing?
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Quality of life, well-being, freedom of choice, the capability approach, Mongolia, nomads, sustainable development, climate change
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150795OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150795DiVA: diva2:408765
UppsokLife Earth Science