Cluster and DMSP observations of SAID electric fields
2007 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research, ISSN 0148-0227, Vol. 112, no A5, A05219- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
 We report on magnetically conjugate Cluster and the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellite observations of subauroral ion drifts (SAID) during moderate geomagnetic activity levels on 8 April 2004. To our knowledge, the field-aligned separation of DMSP and Cluster (approximate to 28,000 km) is the largest separation ever analyzed with respect to the SAID phenomenon. Nonetheless, we show coherent, subauroral magnetosphere-ionosphere (MI) coupling along an entire field line in the post-dusk sector. The four Cluster satellites crossed SAID electric field channels with meridional magnitude E-M of 25 mV/m in situ and latitudinal extent Delta Lambda approximate to 0.5 degrees in the southern and northern hemispheres near 07:00 and 07:30 UT, respectively. Cluster was near perigee (R approximate to 4 R-E) and within 5 degrees (15 degrees) of the magnetic equator for the southern ( northern) crossing. The SAID were located near the plasmapause-within the ring current-plasmasphere overlap region. Downward field-aligned current signatures were observed across both SAID crossings. The most magnetically and temporally conjugate SAID field from DMSP F16A at 07:12 UT was practically identical in latitudinal size to that mapped from Cluster. Since the DMSP ion drift meter saturated at 3000 m/s (or similar to 114 mV/m) and the electrostatically mapped value for E-M from Cluster exceeded 300 mV/m, a magnitude comparison of E-M was not possible. Although the conjugate measurements show similar large-scale SAID features, the differences in substructure highlight the physical and chemical diversity of the conjugate regions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 112, no A5, A05219- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150850DOI: 10.1029/2006JA012065ISI: 000246850100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150850DiVA: diva2:409070