uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Do inattention and hyperactivity symptoms equal scholastic impairment? evidence from three European cohorts
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Show others and affiliations
2007 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 7, 327- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects many children, adolescents, and adults and is associated with a number of impairments. Poor academic performance is related to ADHD in clinical samples. However, it is unclear to what extent core ADHD symptoms and scholastic impairment are related in non-referred school-aged children. METHODS: Data come from three population-based cohorts from Sweden, Denmark, and Finland, which are part of the Nordic Network on ADHD. The combined sample size was 13,087 children who were studied at ages 7-8 or 10-12 years. Teachers rated children on inattention and hyperactivity symptoms and reported children's scholastic performance on basic skills. RESULTS: There was a significant association in all cohorts between core ADHD symptoms and scholastic impairment in reading, writing, and mathematics. Particularly, inattention was related to a two to tenfold increase in scholastic impairment. Prevalence of hyperactivity symptoms was similar across the three cohorts, but inattention was lowest among children from the Finnish cohort, after stratification on living conditions. CONCLUSIONS: These results extend previous reports of scholastic impairment among children with clinically diagnosed ADHD to non-referred population samples from three European countries. Surveillance policies should be implemented in school systems to catch children in need of behavioral or scholastic support early.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 7, 327- p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-13185DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-7-327ISI: 000252728600002PubMedID: 17999767OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-13185DiVA: diva2:40955
Available from: 2008-01-21 Created: 2008-01-21 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rodriguez, Alina
By organisation
Department of Psychology
In the same journal
BMC Public Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 157 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link