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The impact of an intervention to improve patient participation in a surgical care unit: a quasi-experimental study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Education in Nursing.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Endocrine Surgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 49, no 5, 528-538 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Organizational changes in surgical care are requiring patients to become more responsible for their own care, both before and after surgery, and also during recovery. Involving patients in their care is vital to improving quality of care and patient safety.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the ‘Tell-us’ card on patients’ perceptions of quality of care, with a specific focus on patient participation. Another aim was to evaluate the use of the Tell-us card from the patients’ perspective.

Design: A quasi-experimental design with an intervention group and control groups was used. The patient's self-written Tell-us card was introduced as the intervention.

Setting: The study was conducted in two surgical care units at a Swedish university hospital.

Participants: A consecutive sample of patients admitted from the waiting list and from the emergency department was included (n = 310). The inclusion criteria were surgical patients with a hospital stay of at least one day. Patients who were younger than 18 years, not able to speak or write in Swedish, or unable or unwilling to give informed consent to participate were excluded.

Methods: Quality of care was assessed using the questionnaire ‘Quality from the Patient's Perspective’. The patients included in the intervention group were asked to write what was most important for them during the day or just before discharge on patient-written Tell-us cards.

Results: The use of the Tell-us card resulted in significant improvements (5 out of 17 items) in patients’ abilities to participate in decisions about their nursing and medical care. The patients found the Tell-us card more useful in their interaction with registered nurses and assistant nurses than with physicians.

Conclusions: The use of the Tell-us card improved patients’ participation in some areas of nursing and medical care in the surgical care units. The Tell-us card is an uncomplicated and inexpensive tool that could be an important step towards improved patient participation in the surgical care unit. More research is needed to evaluate the use of the Tell-us card in different hospital units and over a longer period of time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 49, no 5, 528-538 p.
Keyword [en]
Intervention study, Patient-centred care, Patient participation, Surgical care unit, Quality of care
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-150699DOI: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2011.10.024ISI: 000303960600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-150699DiVA: diva2:409809
Available from: 2011-04-11 Created: 2011-04-04 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Patient–Health-professional Interaction in a Hospital Setting
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Patient–Health-professional Interaction in a Hospital Setting
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of the thesis was to describe patient−health-professional interactions in a hospital setting, with a specific focus on the surgical care unit. The thesis consists of four studies and includes both qualitative and quantitative studies. Content analysis and phenomenography were used in the qualitative studies; the quantitative study was an intervention study with a three-phase quasi-experimental design.

The findings of study I showed that patient complaints to a local Patients’ Advisory Committee about negative interactions with health professionals most often concerned the perceived insufficiencies of information, respect, and empathy. The findings of study II showed that experiences of negative interactions with health professionals caused long-term consequences for individual patients and reduced patients’ confidence in upcoming consultations. The findings of the phenomenographic study (III) showed that surgical nurses understand an important part of their work in qualitatively different ways, which can be presented as a hierarchy of increasing complexity and comprehensiveness. In the most restricted understanding, surgical nurses focus on the work task, whereas in the others surgical nurses demonstrate increasing degrees of patient-centeredness. Finally, the results of study IV showed that an uncomplicated intervention that invited patients to express their daily questions and concerns in writing (using the ‘Tell-us card’) improved the patients’ perceptions of participation in their care in a surgical care unit. For further implementation of the Tell-us card to succeed, it needs to be prioritized and supported by leaders in ongoing quality improvement work.

The value of a patient-focused interaction needs to be the subject of ongoing discussions in surgical care units. Patients’ stories of negative interactions could be used as a starting point for discussions in professional reflection sessions. It is important to discuss and become aware of different ways of understanding professional interactions and relationships with patients; these discussions could open up new areas of professional development. Providing patients an opportunity to ask their questions and express their concerns in writing, and using this information in the patient−health-professional interaction, could be an important step towards improved patient participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. 77 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 673
Keyword
The patient–health-professional interaction, relationship, complaints, patient participation, hospital setting, quality of care, content analysis, phenomenography, intervention
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-151420 (URN)978-91-554-8077-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-05-30, Grönwallsalen, Akademiska Sjukhuset, Ing 70, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-05-09 Created: 2011-04-11 Last updated: 2011-07-01Bibliographically approved

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Jangland, EvaCarlsson, MariaLundgren, EwaGunningberg, Lena

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