Effects of CYP7B1-related steroids on androgen receptor activation in different cell lines
2012 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, ISSN 1388-1981, E-ISSN 1388-1918, Vol. 1821, no 7, 973-979 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The widely expressed steroid hydroxylase CYP7B1 is involved in metabolism of a number of steroids reported to influence estrogen and androgen signaling. Several studies by us and other investigators have linked this enzyme to effects on estrogen receptor activation. In a previous report we examined the effect of CYP7B1-mediated hormone metabolism for estrogen-mediated response in kidney-derived HEK293 cells. In the current study we used an androgen response element (ARE) reporter system to examine androgen-dependent response of some CYP7B1 substrates and CYP7B1-formed metabolites in several cell lines derived from different tissues. The results indicate significantly lower androgen receptor activation by CYP7B1-formed steroid metabolites than by the corresponding steroid substrates, suggesting that CYP7B1-mediated catalysis may decrease some androgenic responses. Thus, CYP7B1-dependent metabolism may be of importance not only for estrogenic signaling but also for androgenic. This finding, that CYP7B1 activity may be a regulator of androgenic signaling by converting AR ligands into less active metabolites, is also supported by real-time RT-PCR experiment where a CYP7B1 substrate, but not the corresponding product, was able to stimulate known androgen-sensitive genes. Furthermore, our data indicate that the effects of some steroids on hormone response element reporter systems are cell line-specific. For instance, despite transfection of the same reporter systems, 5-androstene-3β,17β-diol strongly activates an androgen-dependent response element in prostate cancer cells whereas it elicits only ER-dependent responses in kidney HEK293 cells. Potential roles of cell-specific metabolism or comodulator expression for the observed differences are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1821, no 7, 973-979 p.
Androgen, CYP7B1, Hydroxylation, AR-mediated response, Steroid metabolism
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-151739DOI: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2012.03.007ISI: 000305359200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-151739DiVA: diva2:411163