Assessment of Chemotherapeutic Drug Sensitivity in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Using Primary Cultures of Tumour Cells from Patients
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Sensitivity of epithelial ovarian cancer to chemotherapeutic drugs relevant in treatment of this cancer type was analysed in 125 tumour samples from 112 patients using a short-term primary culture assay based on the concept of total cell kill. Sensitivity was related to histopathological subtypes, treatment status and clinical tumour response. For cisplatin, doxorubicin, 5-FU, cyclophosphamide and topotecan, seropapillary high grade and clear cell ovarian cancer were the most sensitive subtypes and the mucinous tumours the most resistant subtype, whereas endometrioid tumours and the seropapillary low grade/borderline tumours showed intermediate sensitivity. In contrast, docetaxel showed the opposite pattern of activity. Samples from patients previously treated with chemotherapy tended, for the majority of drugs, to be slightly more resistant than samples from treatment naïve patients. The activity of cisplatin correlated strongly with that of the other drugs with the exception of docetaxel, implicating non-cross resistance between these key drugs in ovarian cancer. Tumour samples from two sites in the same patient at the same occasion showed similar and samples taken at different occasions different cisplatin sensitivity, which may implicate tumour clonal selection over time. At group level, samples from patients clinically responding to treatment were more sensitive to most drugs than samples from non-responding patients. At the individual patient level, optimized analyses of drug sensitivity in vitro compared with clinical response showed sensitivities and specificities in the 90 – 100% and 54 – 83% ranges, respectively. In conclusion, ovarian cancer subtypes exhibit different chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity in vitro, which needs consideration in treatment decisions for this disease. Furthermore, in vitro assessment of ovarian cancer tumour cell chemotherapeutic drug sensitivity provides clinically relevant information that could be useful in efforts to optimize treatment in individual patients with this disease.
ovarian cancer, chemotherapy, drug sensitivity testing, in vitro
Cancer and Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-151799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-151799DiVA: diva2:411385