uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The effect of neuromuscular block and noxious stimulation on hypnosis monitoring during sevoflurane anesthesia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Show others and affiliations
2007 (English)In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, ISSN 0003-2999, E-ISSN 1526-7598, Vol. 105, no 3, 688-695 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: There are conflicting results on the influence of neuromuscular block (NMB) on the bispectral index (BIS). We investigated the influence of two degrees of NMB on BIS, Alaris auditory-evoked potential index (AAI), and the electromyogram (EMG) obtained with needle electrodes from the frontal and temporal muscles, immediately adjacent to the BIS-sensor. METHODS: Twenty patients were anesthetized with sevoflurane, titrated for 30 min to an end-tidal concentration of 1.2% (baseline). Rocuronium was infused to 50% (partial) and 95% (profound) depression of the first twitch in a train-of-four response, the order being randomly chosen. Noxious tetanic electrical stimulation was applied at four occasions: 1) at baseline (control measurement), 2 and 3) at each degree of NMB, and 4) after neostigmine reversal. BIS, AAI, and EMG were obtained 2 min before and 2 min after each noxious stimulation. RESULTS: Median BIS and AAI at baseline were 44 (39-50) and 15 (14-16), respectively. The two degrees of NMB did not affect BIS, AAI, and EMG before noxious stimulation. In contrast, profound NMB altered the BIS and AAI responses to noxious stimulation when compared with partial NMB, (BIS P = 0.01, AAI P < 0.01), after neostigmine reversal (BIS P < 0.01, AAI P = 0.01) and compared with baseline (BIS P = 0.08, AAI P = 0.02). No significant increase in EMG was found. CONCLUSION: BIS and AAI responses to noxious tetanic electrical stimulation are affected by the degree of NMB during sevoflurane anesthesia whereas NMB does not affect BIS or AAI in the absence of noxious stimulation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 105, no 3, 688-695 p.
Keyword [en]
Halogen Organic compounds, Volatile compound, General anesthetic, Anesthesia, Sevoflurane, Monitoring, Hypnosis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-13405DOI: 10.1213/01.ane.0000278117.31134.34ISI: 000248924400019PubMedID: 17717224OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-13405DiVA: diva2:41175
Available from: 2008-01-22 Created: 2008-01-22 Last updated: 2011-04-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stålberg, Erik
By organisation
Department of Neuroscience
In the same journal
Anesthesia and Analgesia
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 156 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link