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Effects of choline-deprivation on paracetamol- or phenobarbital-induced rat liver metabolic response
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Applied Toxicology, ISSN 0260-437X, E-ISSN 1099-1263, Vol. 29, no 2, 101-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Choline is an essential nutrient that seems to be involved in a wide variety of metabolic reactions and functions in both humans and rodents. Various pathophysiological states have been linked to choline deprivation (CD). The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of CD upon biochemical, histological and metabolic alterations induced by drugs that affect hepatic functional integrity and various drug metabolizing systems via distinct mechanisms. For this purpose, paracetamol (ACET) or phenobarbital (PB) were administered to male Wistar rats that were fed with standard rodent chow (normally fed, NF) or underwent dietary CD. The administration of ACET increased the serum aspartate aminotransferase levels in NF rats, while CD restricted this increase. On the other hand, ACET suppressed alkaline phosphatase levels only in CD rats. Moreover, CID prevented the PB-induced increase of the mitotic activity of hepatocytes. The administration of ACET down-regulated CYP1A2 and CYP2B1 expression in CD rats, while up-regulating them in NF rats. The administration of PB suppressed CYP1A2 apoprotein levels in CD rats, whereas the drug had no effect on NF rats. The PB-induced up-regulation of CYP2B, CYP2E1 and CYP1A1 isozymes was markedly higher in CD than in NF rats. In addition, PB increased glutathlone-S-transferase activity only in CD rats. Hepatic glutathione content (GSH) was suppressed by ACET in NF rats, whereas the drug increased GSH in CD rats. Our data suggest that CD has a significant impact on the hepatic metabolic functions, and in particular on those related to drug metabolism. Thus, CD may modify drug effectiveness and toxicity, as well as drug-drug interactions, particularly those related to ACET and PB.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 29, no 2, 101-109 p.
Keyword [en]
choline deficient diet, rat liver, paracetamol, acetaminophen, phenobarbital, drug metabolism, enzymes
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152117DOI: 10.1002/jat.1386ISI: 000263803400002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152117DiVA: diva2:412506
Available from: 2011-04-25 Created: 2011-04-25 Last updated: 2011-04-25Bibliographically approved

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