Sexual Abuse Allegations by Children with Neuropsychiatric Disorders
2011 (English)In: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, ISSN 1053-8712, E-ISSN 1547-0679, Vol. 20, no 2, 182-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
All Swedish court cases from 2004 and 2006 concerning alleged child sexual abuse (sexual harassment excluded) were identified through criminal registers. Fourteen cases (one boy) concerned a child with a neuropsychiatric disorder. The diagnostic groups were mental retardation (10 cases), autism (three cases), and ADHD (one case). Psychiatric experts were engaged in only two cases. When experts were involved, the courts focused on credibility issues. When the courts applied neuropsychiatric arguments in the absence of an expert, they used developmental arguments. When the authors found that significant neuropsychiatric issues were not discussed by the court it concerned interpretations of symptoms and developmental standpoints. The results illustrate the complexity and pitfalls of drawing conclusions about associations between symptoms and personality characteristics on one side and accuracy of sexual abuse allegations on the other. Moreover, the results highlight the importance of a high quality system for providing courts with adequate neuropsychiatric knowledge.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 20, no 2, 182-195 p.
child sexual abuse, neuropsychiatric disorders, validation, allegations
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152792DOI: 10.1080/10538712.2011.554339ISI: 000288956000004PubMedID: 21442532OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152792DiVA: diva2:414035