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Chelation-Mediated Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Domino Heck-Mizoroki/Suzuki-Miyaura Reactions Using Arylboronic Acids: Increasing Scope and Mechanistic Understanding
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, ISSN 0022-3263, E-ISSN 1520-6904, Vol. 76, no 8, 2433-2438 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A palladium(II)-catalyzed Heck-Mizoroki/Suzuki-Miyaura domino reaction involving metal coordinating dimethylaminoethyl vinyl ethers and a number of electron-rich and electron-deficient arylboronic acids has been developed. Through variation of the temperature and the concentration of the p-benzoquinone (p-Bq) ligand/reoxidant, conditions for the robust and convenient one-pot generation of diarylated-saturated ethers were identified. With the aid of coordination of the dimethylamino group to the arylpalladium intermediate, the otherwise predominant formation of the beta-arylated olefin could be reversed. A reaction route involving a chelation-controlled carbopalladation, providing a p-Bq stabilized six-membered palladacycle, followed by transmetalation and reductive elimination is suggested to explain the selective formation of saturated diarylated ether products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 76, no 8, 2433-2438 p.
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152784DOI: 10.1021/jo1018188ISI: 000289187300004PubMedID: 21417443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152784DiVA: diva2:414075
Available from: 2011-05-02 Created: 2011-05-02 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Palladium-Catalysed Couplings in Organic Synthesis: Exploring Catalyst-Presenting Strategies and Medicinal Chemistry Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Palladium-Catalysed Couplings in Organic Synthesis: Exploring Catalyst-Presenting Strategies and Medicinal Chemistry Applications
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Palladium-catalysed coupling reactions have been embraced by synthetic chemists as one of the preferred means for smooth formation of new carbon-carbon bonds: a truly ubiquitous methodology of synthesizing complex molecules.

This thesis describes the study of a series of palladium(0)-catalysed C2-arylations of a 1-cyclopentenyl ether, equipped with a chiral (S)-N-methyl-pyrrolidine auxiliary. The investigated olefin was demonstrated to undergo Si-face insertion, providing (R)-configuration of the arylated C2-carbon.

In addition, the mild and novel palladium(II)-catalysed dominoHeck/Suzuki β,α-diarylation-reduction of a dimethylaminoethyl-substituted chelating vinyl ether was developed using arylboronic acids as arylating agents in combination with 1,4-benzoquinone (BQ). Further, highly regioselective palladium(II)-catalysed α-and β-monoarylation of the chelating vinyl ether was achieved using either a bidentate ligand or by employing ligand-less conditions. These studies demonstrate that the choice of ligands has a profound effect on the reaction outcome, as productive β,α-diarylation could only be obtained by suppressing the competing β-hydride elimination using BQ as the stabilising ligand and terminal reoxidant.

The pivotal role of BQ in the reaction was studied using computer-aided density functional theory calculations. The calculations highlight the crucial role of BQ as a Pd(II)-ligand. In addition of serving as an oxidant of palladium, the calculations support the view that the coordination of BQ to the Pd(II)-centre in the key σ-alkyl complex leads to a low-energy pathway, aided by a strong η2 Pd-BQ donation-back-donation interaction.

Furthermore, an investigation of the scope and limitations of novel stereoselective and BQ-mediated palladium(II)-catalysed domino Heck/Suzuki β,α-diarylation reactions, involving metal coordinating cyclic methylamino vinyl ethers and a number of electronically diverse arylboronic acids, conducted.

In addition, a set of 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acids, structurally related to elvitegravir and bearing different substituents on the condensed benzene ring, was designed and synthesized as potential HIV-1 integrase inhibitors.

Finally, in an effort to identify a new class of HIV-1 protease inhibitors, four different stereopure β-hydroxy γ-lactam-containing inhibitors were synthesized, biologically evaluated, and co-crystallized with the enzyme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 90 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 162
Keyword
Mizoroki-Heck arylation, Suzuki coupling, domino reaction, stereoselective, palladium, chelation control, vinyl ether, HIV-protease inhibitors, HIV-integrase inhibitors
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-173068 (URN)978-91-554-8370-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-08, B42, Uppsala Biomedical Centre (BMC), Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
The time 12:05 for the public defense mentioned in the thesis is incorrect. It will take place at 09:15, 2012-06-08.Available from: 2012-05-16 Created: 2012-04-18 Last updated: 2012-08-01Bibliographically approved

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