No effect of metabolic acidosis on nitric oxide production in hypoxic and hyperoxic lung regions in pigs
2011 (English)In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 202, no 1, 59-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim: In the severely ill intensive care patients metabolic acidosis and hypoxia often co-exist. We studied the effects of metabolic acidosis on nitric oxide synthase (NOS) dependent and NOS independent nitric oxide (NO) production in hypoxic and hyperoxic lung (HL) regions in a pig model. Methods: Eighteen healthy anaesthetized pigs were separately ventilated with hypoxic gas to the left lower lobe (LLL) and hyperoxic gas to the rest of the lung. Six pigs received HCl infusion (HCl group), six pigs received the non-specific NOS inhibitor N omega-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) and HCl infusions (l-NAME + HCl group) and six pigs received buffered Ringer's solution (control group). NO concentration in exhaled air (ENO), NOS activity in lung tissue, and regional pulmonary blood flow were measured. Results: Metabolic acidosis, induced by infusion of HCl, decreased the relative perfusion to the hypoxic LLL from 7 (3) [mean (SD)] to 3 (1) % in the HCl group (P < 0.01), and from 4 (1) to 1 (1) % in the l-NAME + HCl group (P < 0.05), without any measurable significant changes in ENO from hypoxic or HL regions There were no significant differences between the HCl and control groups for Ca2+-dependent (cNOS) or Ca2+-independent NOS (iNOS) activity in hypoxic or HL regions. Conclusions: Metabolic acidosis augmented the hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, without any changes in pulmonary NOS dependent or NOS independent NO production. When acidosis was induced during ongoing NOS blockade, the perfusion of hypoxic lung regions was almost abolished, indicating acidosis-induced pulmonary vasoconstriction was not NO dependent.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 202, no 1, 59-68 p.
acidosis, exhaled nitric oxide, hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, nitric oxide, nitric oxide synthase blockade
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152868DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2011.02250.xISI: 000289250500007PubMedID: 21251235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152868DiVA: diva2:414150