Adsorption of Aerosol-OT to Sapphire: Lamellar Structures Studied with Neutrons
2011 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 27, no 8, 4669-4678 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The adsorption of sodium bis 2-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate, NaAOT, to a sapphire surface from aqueous solution has been studied by neutron reflection at concentrations above the critical micelle concentration (cmc). Complementary measurements of the bulk structure were made with small-angle neutron scattering and grazing incidence small-angle neutron scattering. At a concentration of about 1% wt (10 X cmc), lamellar phase NaAOT was observed both at the surface and in the bulk. The structure seen at the interface for a solution of 2% wt NaAOT is a 35 +/- 2 angstrom thick bilayer adsorbed to the sapphire surface at maximum packing density, followed by an aligned stack of fluctuating bilayers of thickness 51 +/- 2 angstrom and with an area per molecule of 40 +/- 2 angstrom(2). Each bilayer is separated by a water: at 25 degrees C, this layer is 148 +/- 2 angstrom. A simple model for the reflectivity from fluctuating layers is presented, and for 2.0% wt NaAOT the fluctuations were found to have an amplitude of 25 +/- 5 angstrom. The temperature sensitivity of the structure at the surface was investigated in the range 15-30 degrees C. The effect of temperature was pronounced, with the solvent layer becoming thinner and the volume occupied by the NaAOT molecules in a bilayer increasing with temperature. The amplitude of the fluctuations, however, is approximately temperature independent in this range. The adsorption of NaAOT at the sapphire surface resembles that previously found at hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica surfaces. The coexisting bulk lamellar phase has a spacing of layers similar to that observed at the surface. These observations are an indication that the major driving force for adsorption is self-assembly, independent of the chemical nature of the interface.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 27, no 8, 4669-4678 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-152837DOI: 10.1021/la1048985ISI: 000289321000053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-152837DiVA: diva2:414174