Pulmonary magnetic resonance angiography
1999 (English)In: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, ISSN 1053-1807, E-ISSN 1522-2586, Vol. 10, no 3, 326-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Early attempts to image the pulmonary vasculature with spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were hampered by severe image degradation related to respiratory and cardiac pulsation artifact, susceptibility at interfaces between lung parenchyma and vessel wall, and poor contrast between flowing blood and intravascular filling defects of emboli. With the development of gradient-echo MR angiographic techniques some of these limitations were overcome; however, the need for multiple breath-holds and the frequent occurrence of flow-related artifacts that could simulate pulmonary emboli diminished their clinical utility. With the development of contrast-enhanced MR angiography, many of the limitations of earlier techniques were addressed. Images of both lungs with high signal-to-noise ratios and high contrast between flowing blood and pulmonary emboli could be acquired in a single breath-hold, during "first-pass" imaging with extracellular contrast agents in the coronal plane. However, subsegmental vessels could not be assessed with this approach. The technique has been refined further by imaging each lung separately in the sagittal plane; this offers higher resolution and total lung coverage and requires a shorter breath-hold. Finally, several investigators have reported preliminary data on imaging of the pulmonary vasculature with blood pool agents, exploiting respiratory triggering or navigator echoes to eliminate the need for breath-holding for the detection of pulmonary emboli.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 10, no 3, 326-338 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153001DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1522-2586(199909)10:3<326::AID-JMRI15>3.0.CO;2-LPubMedID: 10508294OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153001DiVA: diva2:414849