Artificial field-aligned irregularities in the nightside auroral ionosphere
2006 (English)In: Advances in Space Research, ISSN 0273-1177, Vol. 38, no 11, 2503-2510 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Experimental results from two Tromso HF heating experiments in the nightside high latitudinal F region are examined. Bi-static scatter measurements of HF diagnostic signals were carried out on the London-Tromso-St. Petersburg and Pori-Tromso-St. Petersburg paths using a Doppler spectral method. The properties and behaviour of artificial field-aligned small-scale irregularities (striations) in the nightside high latitudinal F-region in course of the Tromso ionospheric modification experiments are studied. Experimental studies have been performed by the use of phased array I with a beamwidth of 6 degrees instead of 12-14 degrees in phased array 2, more often used in Tromso ionospheric modification experiments. The comparison between two experiments carried out in the same background geophysical conditions, shows the strongest striations in the field-aligned position of the heater beam. Possible explanation for this angular dependence is self-focusing of HF pump waves on striations causing the energy to be distributed asymmetrically. A principal question related to HF heating experiments is how is the disturbed auroral ionosphere modified. The results obtained on two paths simultaneously have shown that the strong heater-induced striations were observed along with natural ones. Velocities of heater-induced striations were quite different at different parts of the heated volume. It is suggested that the heater-induced striations can be grouped in two patches at different heights possibly due to the temperature-gradient-driven instability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 38, no 11, 2503-2510 p.
powerful HF radio wave, auroral ionosphere, nonlinear phenomena, artificial field-aligned irregularities, ionosphere modification, bistatic HF doppler radio scatter
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153028DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2004.12.008ISI: 000202988800032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153028DiVA: diva2:415021