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First record of repaired durophagous shell damages in Early Cambrian lingulate brachiopods with preserved pedicles
Early Life Institute, State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics, Northwest University, Xi'an, 710069, China.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology.
The Manitoba Museum, 190 Rupert Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Yunnan Geological Survey &Yunnan Institute of Geological Science, No. 87, Dongfeng Lane, East Dongfeng Road, Kunming, 650051, Yunnan Province, China.
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2011 (English)In: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, ISSN 0031-0182, E-ISSN 1872-616X, Vol. 302, no 3-4, 206-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Durophagy, the macro-predatory consumption of hard-shelled organisms, has been proposed as an important driving and selective force ("arms race") responsible for the explosive advent of Cambrian skeleton-bearing animals. Nevertheless, the direct evidence of durophagous predation is mostly restricted to borings or drillholes in skeletons at around the Ediacaran-Cambrian transition. In contrast, pre-ingestive breakage or crushing of shell, another important type of durophagous predation evidence, is very rarely fossilized. Here we present the first evidence of durophagous shell-breaking in an exceptionally preserved pedunculate lingulate brachiopod from the Lower Cambrian Wulongqing Formation (Series 2, early Stage 4), Yunnan, southern China. The repaired shells of Diandongia pista all have elongate (up to 36 mm) pedicles that demonstrate that they survived the failed predation and remained in situ. The bite embayment shows three sets of distinctive drape-like convex arcs of shell repairs, suggesting that the specific drape-like ornamentation usually seen in lingulate shells could be taken as reparative responses to shell damage and malformation. Discovery of sublethal shell damage demonstrates that durophagous predators may have caused an increasing predation pressure on brachiopods since the Canglangpuian Stage (Series 2, Stage 4). In contrast there are no records of durophagous shell-breaking recognized from thousands of Chengjiang (Series 2, Stage 3) specimens of D. pista with fully developed organization of tissues and organ system. It is therefore assumed that that predation was of little importance to the earliest evolution of Cambrian lingulates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 302, no 3-4, 206-212 p.
Keyword [en]
Cambrian, Predation, Brachiopods, Lingulids, Durophagy, Pedicles
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153232DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.01.010ISI: 000289657700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153232DiVA: diva2:415708
Available from: 2011-05-09 Created: 2011-05-09 Last updated: 2013-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Holmer, Lars E.Wang, Haizhou
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