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Effect of helium on structure and compression behavior of SiO2 glass
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Solid Earth Geology.
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2011 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 108, no 15, 6004-6007 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The behavior of volatiles is crucial for understanding the evolution of the Earth's interior, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. Noble gases as neutral species can serve as probes and be used for examining gas solubility in silicate melts and structural responses to any gas inclusion. Here, we report experimental results that reveal a strong effect of helium on the intermediate range structural order of SiO2 glass and an unusually rigid behavior of the glass. The structure factor data show that the first sharp diffraction peak position of SiO2 glass in helium medium remains essentially the same under pressures up to 18.6 GPa, suggesting that helium may have entered in the voids in SiO2 glass under pressure. The dissolved helium makes the SiO2 glass much less compressible at high pressures. GeO2 glass and SiO2 glass with H-2 as pressure medium do not display this effect. These observations suggest that the effect of helium on the structure and compression of SiO2 glass is unique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 108, no 15, 6004-6007 p.
Keyword [en]
helium diffusion, diamond anvil cell
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153223DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1102361108ISI: 000289413600022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-153223DiVA: diva2:415784
Available from: 2011-05-09 Created: 2011-05-09 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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