Surgical and long-term mortality in 2634 consecutive patients operated on the proximal thoracic aorta
2007 (English)In: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 1010-7940, E-ISSN 1873-734X, Vol. 31, no 6, 963-969 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To assess surgical and long-term mortality in a large, contemporary, unselected cohort of patients undergoing operations on the proximal thoracic aorta. Methods: Patients in the Swedish Heart Surgery register operated 1992-2004 were identified and data cross-linked with the in-hospital and cause-of-death registers. Factors associated with surgical, intermediate, and long-term mortality were studied with separate Cox analyses. Long-term survival was estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: 2634 patients (68% men, mean age 60 years) were operated for aortic aneurysm (n = 1821, 69%) or aortic dissection (n = 813, 31%). Overall, increased age, aortic dissection, emergency operation, coronary artery bypass grafting, postoperative stroke, and postoperative renal failure were independently associated with surgical mortality. Only age was independently associated with long-term mortality. Later era of treatment (1998-2004 vs 1992-1997) was associated with lower risk only for aneurysm patients, despite similar changes in surgical approach. Long-term survival for all patients was 83% at 1 year, 77% at 5 years, and 73% at 10 years and identical for aneurysm and dissection when adjusted for surgical mortality. Conclusions: Increased age was associated with increased mortality across follow-up, implicating early surgery when possible. Results improved over time for aneurysms but not dissections; however, long-term survival was equal.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 31, no 6, 963-969 p.
Aneurysm, Aortic, Risk factors, Surgery, Survival
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-13838DOI: 10.1016/j.ejcts.2007.01.034ISI: 000247290300001PubMedID: 17336538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-13838DiVA: diva2:41608